The 12th Five Year Plan of the hottest energy focu

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The 12th Five Year Plan of energy focuses on "two goals"

the 12th Five Year Plan of energy development is one of the most eye-catching industry master plans in China. "The 12th Five Year Plan is divided into master plan and special plan, which is an umbrella structure. Among them, the energy plan is the master plan, which will play an important role in guiding and coordinating the formulation of special plans such as power, coal, oil and natural gas." Lin Boqiang, director of the China Energy Economy Research Center at Xiamen University, told

a senior executive of the Energy Institute of the national development and Reform Commission who participated in the preliminary discussion of the 12th Five Year Plan (Draft) of energy told that according to the deployment of the national energy administration, the internal discussion of the 12th Five Year Plan of energy had been completed before the end of September this year. It is expected to solicit opinions publicly before the end of the year. The plan will focus on achieving the "two goals" of achieving the proportion of non fossil energy of 15% and carbon emission reduction of 40%-45% in 2020 proposed by the central government

therefore, the share of all kinds of energy in the energy "pie chart" of the 12th Five Year Plan will change: the proportion of coal will gradually decrease, the proportion of natural gas consumption is expected to double, and the proportion of new energy will significantly increase

according to Jiang Bing, director of the planning and Development Department of the national energy administration, the key tasks in the energy field in the next five years are: to take effective measures to increase the degree of saving capacity and improve the level of clean utilization of traditional energy; Increase natural gas, etc. 9 Utilization scale of clean energy of main engine electricity; Accelerate the development and construction of hydropower and nuclear power, actively do a good job in the transformation and utilization of renewable energy such as wind energy, solar energy and biomass energy, and vigorously promote the optimization and adjustment of energy structure; We will make an overall plan for the construction of key energy bases and trans regional energy transmission channels, and promote the optimal allocation of energy resources

in order to achieve the goal of 15% non fossil energy by 2020, we should focus on developing three types of non fossil energy, namely nuclear power, hydropower, and other non fossil energy (including wind energy, solar energy, biomass energy). As a programmatic document guiding this direction, the 12th Five Year Plan of energy will strengthen efforts to support energy conservation and environmental protection, clean energy, clean utilization of traditional energy and other major fields, and put forward higher development goals for wind power, photovoltaic, biomass energy and nuclear power than the 11th five year plan. At the same time, the plan will make it clear that during the 12th Five Year Plan period, we will further strengthen structural adjustment and eliminate backward production capacity

according to preliminary calculations, if we want to achieve the target of 15% of the components in Table 1 of non fossil energy by 2020, the scale of nuclear power should reach at least 75 million KW, the installed scale of hydropower should reach at least 300 million KW, and the utilization scale of other biomass energy should reach more than 240 million tons of standard coal

correspondingly, the proportion of coal should be appropriately reduced. According to the latest "energy resources investigation report" made by the World Energy Council, China's total coal resources rank first, but it relies too much on coal in the actual energy consumption according to the impact resistance test requirements in 26.4.2 of GB 3836.1 (2) 010 and the problems encountered in ordinary experiments, such as the hammer head is too large to impact, the drop hammer tube is too large, and the prototype (sample block) is limited by the supply of raw materials into the tube. The latter accounts for 76% and 69% of China's primary energy production and consumption structure respectively

"on average, coal accounts for less than 30%, oil 35%, natural gas 24.1%, and non fossil energy 11.8% Wu Yin, deputy director of the national energy administration, warned of the high proportion of coal at a recent energy strategy forum

he stressed the need to innovate coal mining methods and develop controlled mining. This means that China's coal production may continue to grow in the future, but its share in energy consumption will decline

Zhou Dadi, executive vice president of China Energy Research Association, also believes that the proportion of coal in energy consumption should gradually decline as far as possible, and gradually adjust from the current pillar energy to an important basic energy

although the direction has been clear, the task of achieving the "two goals" is still very arduous. Experts pointed out that since the second half of last year, the progress of energy structure adjustment has been slow, and even the proportion of new energy has decreased, which has brought great challenges to China in fulfilling the commitments of the Copenhagen Conference and put forward higher requirements for the 12th Five Year Plan of energy

"at present, China's energy system is transitioning to a modern system of sustainable development. The 20 years to 2030 will be the critical period for the transformation of China's energy system, and the 12th Five Year Plan is the critical period for the completion of the critical tasks." Experts say

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